Worldwide the trend in police development is tilted in favour of research based policing leading to respond to the challenges faced in the field. Among other things it entails an organic connect of the people with the policing and facilitates applying the best practices even from other walks of life on to the policing domain. Research would aim to identify the bottlenecks and snags that are bound to surface while enforcing order and applying legal and investigative processes, and suggest remedial response. The development of such an expertise to support police personnel across the country in regard to their day to day field level functions and strategies would be an apt role for the Sardar Vallabhbhai National Police Academy. Thus, the research based knowledge shall form the basis for development of trained and skilled police manpower in the country.
The mission statement of NPA, inter alia, states:
The Academy will be a focal point for training of trainers of police training institutions all over the country, and will provide consultancy services to sister training institutions for improving their management of training function.
The Academy will be a centre for research studies and will encourage and support research on police subjects. It will expand its capacity for conduct of research through tie-ups with similar institutions in and outside the country.
Gore Committee on Police Training (1971) stressed the need for research facility in Police Training Institutions in the following words:
..."We have been struck by the total absence of any research facilities in our police training institutions. The inevitable result has been that all police training is based on old ideas and practices and the limited experiences of individual members of the instructional staff even while conditions relating to and around police work have been changing fast. In order that the police training institutions remain intellectually vibrant and upto date in their knowledge of police problems, research should be considered to be one of their basic functions."
For more than 4 decades after the Gore Committee 's recommendations, the establishing of a research facility even in the National Police Academy remains a dream. The Academy with the vision of being global centre of excellence in police training cannot afford to divorce training from research and consultancy functions.
Strong research base provides updated knowledge and functional models of change. Research in training domains facilities effective planning, delivery and evaluation of training efforts. The knowledge and the models of change if communicated to the trainees will bring out functional effectiveness in Police. Through research projects in SVP NPA, it is proposed to establish organic linkages between training at NPA and field needs.